As a result for the requirement for a dog that can retrieve through thick bushes, through heavy vegetation and can brave cold water, the Golden Retriever breed was bred. They are a mix of Labrador and Newfoundland and was bred in Scotland. Today they are recognised as an independent breed and are being used for hunting and retrieving, but most popular they are used as family companions and guide dogs or assistance dogs.
They need daily exercise and human contact. They are highly intelligent and getting bored will lead to behavioural issues. They love being part of the family and are rarely aggressive towards other dogs. They are very friendly. Their enthusiasm and eagerness to play may make them incompatible for little children. Play lots of games that involves retrieving like throwing balls and sticks or hiding favourite toys.
Golden Retrievers have a thick wavy coat that needs daily brushing. They tend to shed heavy twice a year, coming into the summer when they lose their heavy winter coat and coming into the winter when they shed their summer coat. If they do not get brushed, the shedding undercoat gets matted up in the topcoat and will leave your dog looking very scruffy. In worst cases, if left too long, they only way to get rid of the mats is to shave them off. Golden Retrievers should not be shaved, their coat are to be kept in the natural state. When washing them, you can use a good doggy conditioner to nourish the hair and help with shine.
They live about 10 to 15 years and are overall fairly healthy compared to other breeds. Like all large breeds, they can suffer with hip dysplasia and are prone to getting infections and poisoned because of their inquisitive retrieving nature to go sniffing everywhere.